Speaker: Tara Zahra, (Department of History, University of Chicago)
For decades leading up to the First World War, the world seemed to be shrinking, in a form of globalization that many internationalists linked to progress, peace, and prosperity. These illusions were shattered in 1914, when the First World War ushered in a quarter century of anti-global retrenchment. Austria-Hungary, once the largest free trade zone in Europe, became a laboratory and emblem of interwar deglobalization as the ties of mobility and trade that knit the Empire together and linked it to the world were ripped apart. This talk will examine the relationship between imperial collapse and anti-globalism in interwar Austria, focusing on popular movements that arose on the right and left to achieve greater individual and national self-sufficiency, as well as new forms of internationalism that aimed to reimagine and revive transnational relationships.